Binary option – an option, which, depending on the fulfillment of a certain condition, either ensures a fixed premium, or does not bring anything.
Bond – a debt security securing the right of its holder to receive within the time period from the issuer of its nominal value in the form of money or other property equivalent.
Crowdfunding – a way of attracting collective investments in small amounts from a large number of people, mainly through the Internet.
Cryptocurrency – (legal definition) bitcoin, another digital token, used in international circulation as a universal means of exchange.
Derivative – a security whose value depends on the underlying (core) asset or group of assets.
Direct investments – investments in assets with direct investor participation in the selection of such assets.
Disinvestment – the process of removing previously invested capital from investment turnover without its subsequent use for investment purposes.
Diversification – the process of allocating invested capital to various assets in order to reduce risks.
Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) – an index fund whose shares are traded on the stock exchange.
Factoring – a financial transaction in which bank or factor acquires monetary claims from a creditor for a certain remuneration (discount) and independently collects them from the debtor.
Forex – an international over-the-counter currency trading market.
Hedge fund – an investment fund focused on maximizing profitability at a given risk or minimizing risks for a given profitability; uses sophisticated investment strategies.
Investments – financial injections in business assets with the purpose of profit or other useful effect.
Invesment bank – a financial institution that organizes attraction of investments for business, provides consulting services for the purchase and sale of business, mergers and acquisitions, and provides intermediary services in the trading of securities, derivatives, currency, raw materials.
Investment fund – a form of collective investment by attracting finance from different investors and managing them with the distribution of those between different objects in accordance with the investment policy of the fund.
Investment project – any business project that involves financial investments and the subsequent profit, thanks to those.
Investor – an individual or a legal entity that carries out financial investments in business assets.
Institutional investor – a legal entity that carries out investment activities.
Mutual fund – a pool of assets, formed from the contributions of a large number of investors, professionally managed by investment managers.
Payback period (PP) – the period of time for which the proceeds from the company's activities reimburse the funds spent for investment, or to achieve a break-even point.
Portfolio investments – passive investments in a group of assets (portfolio), including securities (for example, stocks, bonds or bills of exchange), without participation in the management of any projects.
Price of capital – the amount of payment for attracting any source of investment financing, which is expressed as a percentage.
Private equity fund – an investment fund that attracts finances primarily from institutional investors, invests them in private companies (not listed on the stock exchange) and participates in the management of their activities.
Real estate investment trust (REIT) – an investment company that attracts collective investments, invests in various real estate or mortgage securities and manages them.
Real investments – investments directly in fixed assets (real estate, equipment, etc.).
Security – a collateralized financial asset that is a document that fixes certain property or obligations rights of its holder.
Startup – a newly created company whose goal is to meet market needs by developing a new viable business model.
Stock – an equity security that secures the rights of its owner (stockholder) to a share in the company's ownership, to receive a portion of the profits in the form of dividends, to participate in the management of the company and to a portion of the property remaining after its liquidation.
Venture capital – an investment capital intended for investing in high-tech projects with high risk.